Category Archives: Front Page

Food for Thought: How Your Brain Controls What You Eat

One of the most frequent decisions we make is what to eat, but just because it’s …

Categories: Blog, Front Page

REFERENCES

    1. Van der laan LN, De Ridder DT, Viergever MA, Smeets PA. The first taste is always with the eyes: a meta-analysis on the neural correlates of processing visual food cues. Neuroimage. 2011;55(1):296-303.
    2. Rolls ET. Taste, olfactory and food texture reward processing in the brain and the control of appetite. Proc Nutr Soc. 2012;71(4):488-501.
    3. Nutritive and Nonnutritive Sweetener Resources. (n.d.). Retrieved November 4, 2014, from http://fnic.nal.usda.gov/food-composition/nutritive-and-nonnutritive-sweetener-resources
    4. Yapici N, Zimmer M, Domingos AI. Cellular and molecular basis of decision-making. EMBO Rep. 2014;15(10):1023-1035.
    5. Ochoa M, Lallès JP, Malbert CH, Val-laillet D. Dietary sugars: their detection by the gut-brain axis and their peripheral and central effects in health and diseases. Eur J Nutr. 2014;
    6. Plassmann H, O'Doherty J, Shiv B, Rangel A. Marketing actions can modulate neural representations of experienced pleasantness. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2008;105(3):1050-4.
    7. Grabenhorst F, Rolls ET, Bilderbeck A. How cognition modulates affective responses to taste and flavor: top-down influences on the orbitofrontal and pregenual cingulate cortices. Cereb Cortex. 2008;18(7):1549-59.
    8. Suzuki K, Simpson KA, Minnion JS, Shillito JC, Bloom SR. The role of gut hormones and the hypothalamus in appetite regulation. Endocr J. 2010;57(5):359-72.
    9. Wang GJ, Tomasi D, Backus W, et al. Gastric distention activates satiety circuitry in the human brain. Neuroimage. 2008;39(4):1824-31.
    10. Image by Torsten Mangner, licensed under public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

A Bee’s Perspective: Cocaine and Reward Processing

Cocaine affects reward processing in the brain resulting in feelings of well-being and euphoria.

Categories: Blog, Front Page

REFERENCES

    1. Barron AB, Maleszka R, Helliwell PG, Robinson GE (2009) Effects of cocaine on honey bee dance behaviour. The Journal of experimental biology 212: 163–168
    2. Calu DJ, Stalnaker TA, Franz TM, Singh T, Shaham Y, Schoenbaum G. Withdrawal from cocaine self-administration produces long-lasting deficits in orbitofrontal-dependent reversal learning in rats. Learn Mem. 2007;14(5):325-8.

Tapeworms on the Brain

For most people, the mere thought of a parasite setting up residence in their tissues is …

Know Your Claustrum!

Figure 1 A general schematic of the claustrum, as shown in the Crick and Koch paper …

Categories: Blog, Front Page Tags: , , ,

REFERENCES

    1. F.C. Crick, C. Koch. What is the function of the claustrum? Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 360 (1458) (2005), pp. 1271–1279. PMCID: PMC1569501.
    2. Mohamad Z. Koubeissi, Fabrice Bartolomei, Abdelrahman Beltagy, Fabienne Picard, Electrical stimulation of a small brain area reversibly disrupts consciousness, Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 37, August 2014, Pages 32-35. PMID: 24967698.
    3. Rastislav Druga. The Structure and Connections of the Claustrum. From: The Claustrum: Structural, Functional, and Clinical Neuroscience, Chapter 2.

To Sleep or Not to Sleep: That is the College Student’s Eternal Question

Ironically, I am currently in Odegaard, the University of Washington’s 24-hour library, writing an article about …

Categories: Blog, Front Page

REFERENCES

    1. Sleep, learning, and memory. Division of Sleep Medicine at Harvard Medical School. (2007). http://healthysleep.med.harvard.edu/healthy/matters/benefits-of-sleep/learning-memory
    2. Lulu Xie, Hongyi Kang, Qiwu Xu, Michael J. Chen, Yonghong Liao, Meenakshisundaram Thiyagarajan, John O’Donnell, Daniel J. Christensen, Charles Nicholson, Jeffrey J. Iliff, Takahiro Takano, Rashid Deane, and Maiken Nedergaard.Sleep Drives Metabolite Clearance from the Adult Brain. Science 18 October 2013: 342 (6156), 373-377. [DOI:10.1126/science.1241224]
    3. Smith, C., & Lapp, L. (1991). Increases in number of rems and rem density in humans following an intense learning period. Sleep, 4(14), 325-330.
    4. Walter C. Buboltz Jr PhD , Franklin Brown MA & Barlow Soper PhD (2001) Sleep Habits and Patterns of College Students: A Preliminary Study, Journal of American College Health, 50:3, 131-135, DOI: 10.1080/07448480109596017

SfN, Day 2

Today’s topic of interest was Learning and Memory – particularly the ways in which memories are stored. For …

Categories: Blog, Front Page Tags:

REFERENCES

    1. Reconsolidation of Long Term Memory in Aplysia. Cai, Diancai; Pearce, Kaycey; Chen, Shanping; Glanzman, David L. Current Biology, Cell Press. Published October, 2012.
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